Just like the Catholic Church, academia asks PhD students to present themselves for confirmation after a certain amount of membership time has passed. Unlike the Catholics, academics don’t do the smells and bells thing, or demand that you take on a new name. Instead, after about a year of Research Degree study, you will be asked to show that you have ‘the right stuff’ to continue in your studies.
Confirmation can take various forms depending on your discipline and university rules. It might be called ‘program approval’ – or some other obscure managerial name, but it’s a significant milestone anyway. Some students will have to write a substantial piece of the literature review and a thorough outline of methods; others will have pilot studies or artifacts to present.
Despite these differences, most students will have to do some sort of public presentation after which they will be judged by a panel of academics as good enough to continue – or not.
It’s at this point, in the Australian system at least, that you can be asked to leave – or be downgraded to Masters, so it’s not the easiest time for many students. @thetokenlefty (who is doing confirmation one week from now) summed up the feeling perfectly this week when he told me that he is ‘shitting bricks’ at the thought of it. So I thought I would write this top five for him – and any others who have yet to pass through the confirmation process.
1) It’s about the questions (except when it isn’t)
A confirmation presentation is basically a chance for you to demonstrate you have research questions and have some idea of how you might answer them. You probably have more than one question – that’s ok, but try, if you can, to know your ‘hierarchy of concerns’. What is the most important question to answer? Do your questions depend on each other, ie: is there one that has to be answered before the others?
For a minority of students, such as those in creative arts and design, the questions are not really known in advance. In project based disciplines research questions tend to arise out of and follow the work. Your job is to show that this process is happening – probably by talking through some of the preliminary work you have done and what questions it has raised so far. Instead of demonstrating a hierarchy of concern you could talk about the fruitful directions you intend to continue to explore
2) Show the audience why the research is interesting
Constructing good research questions is a subtle art, so the academics wont be expecting the questions to be phrased perfectly. However your questions should be should be big enough and complex enough that a thesis is the ‘answer’. Spend your time convincing the audience that the questions you have are interesting and worth asking – and that you are the right person to answer them. For the creative project based types the emphasis will be on demonstrating reflection on the practice and what it means, not just a recitation of what you have done.
3) Skip lightly through the literature
The temptation at this moment is to retreat into showing the ‘teacher’ (your panel) that you have been a good student by telling them everything you have read over the last year. Let’s face it – this is going to be pretty boring for everyone.
What the academics will be looking for is how well you use the literature – not whether you have a complete collection of it. Think of yourself as a curator – not an archivist. The panel will want to know: 1) can you identify ‘good’ from ‘mediocre’ work and 2) can you talk about it properly.
Focus on the key writers, practitioners or studies and know this material well – mention the rest during question time if it comes up. This way you appear effortlessly erudite rather than anxious and defensive.
4) Ask for help
At the same time that you need to present a ‘doable’ project with interesting questions and good reasons for carrying it out, too much confidence can be your undoing. It’s natural at this stage to have gaps and unknown areas.
Some academics might take an overly confident presentation as a sign that you have failed to see these gaps and will get worried. Or they might just think you are a young whipper snapper who needs to be taken down a peg or two. Either way you need to reassure them that you are thinking deeply, so throw them a bone. As you go through your work, highlight one or two areas you are unsure about and ask for help and ideas.
5) Keep calm and carry on
Remember that the academics sitting on your panel have done a PhD too. They are not expecting a finished piece of research – just promising beginnings.
Best of luck @tokenlefty – but you wont need it! Anyone else got advice on confirmation they would like to share?
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